German Spitz

German Spitz looking forward

Quick Facts


10 tо 11 pounds (toy)

15 to 25 pounds (medium)

30 to 50 pounds (large)


8 to 12 inches (toy)

12 to 16 inches (medium)

16 to 20 inches (large)

Average Lifespan:

13-15 years

Known For:

Ideal for watchdog, easy to train end very devoted to his owner.


Ah, the German Spitz! A breed that radiates charisma with its fluffy coat and lively nature. Originating from Germany, this spirited canine captures the heart of many pet lovers. 


Known for its vivacious personality, the German Spitz has a history that intertwines with various cultures and times. With its cloud-like appearance and a bark to assert its presence, the Spitz is not just popular in its homeland but has found fans worldwide.

History and Origin

The German Spitz’s history is a tapestry woven with tales of voyages, trades, and love for canines. While the exact origins of the breed remain a bit clouded, it is widely believed that they descended from the ancient peat dogs, which lived thousands of years ago.


The breed is grouped into different sizes, mainly the Klein (small) and Mittel (medium), but all trace back to the same ancient lineage. 


The German Spitz was initially used as a watchdog on farms and markets. Its alertness and strong territorial instinct made it perfect for this role.

During the Middle Ages, these dogs were often found in the company of traders and merchants, guarding their goods and even their ships.


Their ability to adapt made them valuable companions on long sea voyages.

Though the German Spitz can’t boast of royal patronage like some breeds, it had something even more special – the love and affection of the common people. The breed’s popularity dipped for a while during the World Wars but saw a resurgence post-war, especially in the UK.


One of the most famous German Spitz dogs wasn’t technically real but still stole many hearts. The animated dog “Bolt,” from the movie of the same name, is believed to be modeled after a White German Spitz. His character showcased the loyalty, bravery, and endearing traits of the breed to audiences globally.

Breed Characteristics


Barking Tendency

Dog Friendly

Health Issues

Shedding Level









Cat Friendly

Exercise Needs


Social Needs








App. Friendly

Child Friendly


Energy Level

Stranger Friendly

Watchdog Instincts







Appearance and Size

The German Spitz is often recognized by its plush, voluminous coat and foxy face. This breed carries itself with an elegant demeanor, proudly showcasing its beautiful mane.


Size: The German Spitz comes in different sizes. The Klein ranges from 23-29 cm in height and weighs between 5 and 8 kg. The Mittel stands at 30-38 cm, weighing between 7 and 11 kg. There’s also the larger Giant Spitz, though less common.


Coat: One of the defining features of the Spitz is its double coat, with a long, straight, and standoff outer coat, and a soft, short, dense undercoat. This coat serves a purpose beyond just beauty; it protects the dog from extreme temperatures.


Colors: The German Spitz showcases a palette of colors. While the white Spitz is quite popular, they can come in black, brown, orange, gray-shaded, and other mixes.

Eyes & Ears: Their almond-shaped eyes, often dark and filled with a spark of mischief, perfectly complement their pointy ears, which stand erect when they’re alert.


Tail: A characteristic feature is its bushy tail, which curls over the back. It’s not just an aesthetic feature but also an indicator of their mood. When a Spitz is excited or alert, its tail tends to raise higher.

Of course! Let’s dive deeper into the delightful German Spitz.

Personality and Temperament

When you meet a German Spitz, the first thing you’ll likely notice is their sprightly energy and curious nature. Their history as watchdogs has ingrained in them a sharp alertness, and they won’t hesitate to notify their owners of any unfamiliar presence. But don’t be mistaken; this is no aggressive breed. At their core, the German Spitz is affectionate, loyal, and incredibly companionable.


They are renowned for being fantastic with children, often playing the role of a protective older sibling. Their playful nature and moderate energy level make them a joy in households. They might be a bit wary of strangers initially but warm up soon with proper introductions.


German Spitzes have a notable trait – their vocal nature. They love “talking” and will often communicate through barks, yips, and howls. It’s their way of being part of the family conversation!

Health and Lifespan

With a lifespan averaging 13-15 years, the German Spitz is relatively healthy. Their longevity is a testament to their robust constitution. However, like all breeds, they have their susceptibilities.

Common Health Issues:

  • Patellar Luxation: A common issue in smaller breeds, this condition involves the kneecap moving out of its natural position. Regular check-ups can help in early detection and management.
  • Eye Conditions: They might be prone to certain eye issues, like cataracts. Regular eye check-ups are advised.
  • Dental Problems: Their smaller mouths can make them prone to dental issues. Regular teeth cleaning and dental check-ups can help prevent complications.

A balanced diet, regular exercise, and routine vet check-ups can ensure that your Spitz leads a long, healthy life.

Care and Maintenance

German Spitz grooming

The cloud-like coat of the German Spitz might look high-maintenance, but with a consistent care routine, it’s all smooth sailing!


  • Grooming: Their double coat requires regular brushing, at least a couple of times a week, to keep it tangle-free and shiny. During their shedding season, daily brushing might be necessary to manage the extra fluff.
  • Exercise: While they are moderately active, a daily walk and some playtime are crucial for their well-being. They love playing fetch or just running around in a safe, fenced area.
  • Diet: Ensure they have a balanced diet tailored to their age, weight, and activity level. Small breeds can be prone to obesity, so it’s essential to monitor their food intake and provide them with adequate exercise.
  • Socialization: Given their initial wariness of strangers, early socialization is key. Regularly introducing them to new experiences, people, and other pets can make them well-adjusted adults.

Training and Behavior

The German Spitz is intelligent and eager to please, which can make training a rewarding experience. However, with their spirited nature, they sometimes show a streak of independence. The key to successful training is consistency, patience, and positive reinforcement.

Intelligence Level: High! They’re quick learners, especially when the training is engaging and rewarding.


Trainability: They respond best to positive reinforcement methods. Treats, praises, and play sessions as rewards can yield great results.

Behavioral Quirks: Remember their vocal nature? While it’s endearing, it might become problematic if they bark excessively. Teaching them a “quiet” command early on can be helpful.

German Spitz and Families

German Spitz with people

The German Spitz thrives in family settings. Their affectionate and protective nature makes them great companions for both adults and kids alike. When properly socialized, they get along splendidly with children, often engaging in playful antics.


While they’re generally good with other pets, introductions should be done gradually and under supervision, given their watchdog nature. Their size makes them suitable for both apartments and houses, as long as they get their daily dose of activity and play.

Adopting a German Spitz

If your heart is set on bringing a German Spitz into your home, adopting one can be a fulfilling experience. Many organizations and shelters have Spitzes waiting for their forever home.

When considering adoption:

  • Research: Understand the breed’s needs to ensure it matches your lifestyle.
  • Visit Shelters: Spend time interacting with the dog. It helps in gauging compatibility.
  • Ask Questions: Shelter staff can provide insights into a dog’s temperament, health, and history.
  • Prepare Your Home: Before bringing them home, ensure you have the necessary supplies – a comfortable bed, toys, grooming tools, and nutritious food.

Adopting a dog is not just about bringing a pet home; it’s about providing a loving, lifelong commitment to a furry family member.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the characteristics of a German Spitz?

German Spitzes are lively, attentive, and devoted dogs. Known for their fluffy coat and fox-like face, they are highly adaptable and make excellent watchdogs.

Is the German Spitz good with children?

Yes, they can be great with children, especially when raised with them. However, due to their small size, interactions should be supervised to prevent accidental injury.

How much grooming does a German Spitz need?

Despite their fluffy appearance, they require only moderate grooming. Regular brushing a few times a week is enough to keep their coat in good condition.

Are German Spitzes prone to any health issues?

They are generally a healthy breed but can be susceptible to common canine ailments such as dental issues and obesity if not properly cared for.

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