Pomeranian looking forward

Quick Facts


3 to 7 pounds


6 to 7 inches at the shoulder

Average Lifespan:

12-16 years

Known For:

Probably the most popular toy dog breed, ideal companions and you can easily train them.


With their fluffy coats and spirited personalities, Pomeranians are a delightful addition to any home. These tiny canines have captured the hearts of dog enthusiasts around the world, earning their spot as one of the most beloved small breeds. Known for their vivaciousness and undeniable charm, Pomeranians make for wonderful companions. In this guide, we’ll explore the captivating world of Pomeranians, from their origins to their unique traits, health considerations, and more.


Popularity: Pomeranians have consistently ranked among the top 20 most popular dog breeds in the United States according to the American Kennel Club (AKC). Their pint-sized charisma and friendly disposition make them a cherished choice for pet lovers everywhere.

History and Origin

The Pomeranian’s journey begins in the Pomerania region, which spans parts of modern-day Poland and Germany. These dogs are descendants of larger sled-pulling and working dogs, and their name is derived from the Pomerania region.


In the early 18th century, Pomeranians caught the eye of Queen Victoria of England, who played a pivotal role in popularizing the breed. Through selective breeding, their size was gradually reduced while their luxurious double coat and vibrant personality were accentuated. Queen Victoria’s love for Pomeranians contributed significantly to their rise in popularity, and she owned several of them, including a small, 12-pound Pomeranian named Marco.

Breed Characteristics


Barking Tendency

Dog Friendly

Health Issues

Shedding Level









Cat Friendly

Exercise Needs


Social Needs








App. Friendly

Child Friendly


Energy Level

Stranger Friendly

Watchdog Instincts







Appearance and Size

Pomeranians may be small in stature, but they are big on personality. These tiny dogs typically weigh between 3 to 7 pounds and stand just 6 to 7 inches tall at the shoulder. Their most striking feature is their luxurious double coat, which comes in a variety of colors, including orange, black, cream, blue, and more. Their fluffy tails often arch over their backs, adding to their endearing appearance.


Their small size and fluffy appearance often lead to comparisons with teddy bears, making them irresistible to cuddle with. Their expressive eyes and perky ears complete the package, making Pomeranians undeniably charming and photogenic.

Personality and Temperament

Pomeranians may be small, but their personalities are anything but. These little bundles of joy are known for their spirited and friendly nature. Here’s a glimpse into their captivating personality traits:

  1. Playful: Pomeranians have an abundance of energy and love to play. They’re always up for a game of fetch or a romp in the yard, making them an ideal companion for active families.
  2. Alert: These pint-sized pups are excellent watchdogs. Their alertness and tendency to bark when they sense something unusual make them great at warning their owners of potential intruders.
  3. Affectionate: Pomeranians thrive on human companionship. They adore being the center of attention and will eagerly curl up in your lap for cuddles.
  4. Intelligent: Despite their small size, Pomeranians are surprisingly intelligent. They excel in obedience training and enjoy learning new tricks, which can provide mental stimulation.
  5. Social: Pomeranians are generally social dogs and get along well with other pets and children, although early socialization is important to ensure they grow up to be well-rounded adults.

Health and Lifespan

Pomeranians are generally healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to specific health issues. It’s essential for prospective Pomeranian owners to be aware of these potential concerns:

  1. Dental Health: Due to their small mouths, Pomeranians are prone to dental issues. Regular dental care, including brushing their teeth, can help maintain their oral health.
  2. Luxating Patella: This is a condition where the kneecap slips out of place, leading to lameness. Pomeranians can be predisposed to this, so it’s important to monitor their mobility and seek veterinary care if needed.
  3. Tracheal Collapse: Their delicate trachea can be susceptible to collapse, especially if they pull on their leash. Using a harness instead of a collar can help prevent this.
  4. Allergies: Pomeranians can develop skin allergies, which may require dietary adjustments or medication.

On average, Pomeranians have a lifespan of 12 to 16 years when properly cared for. Providing them with a balanced diet, regular exercise, and routine veterinary check-ups can help ensure a long and happy life for your furry friend.

Care and Maintenance

Pomeranian grooming

Taking care of a Pomeranian is a rewarding experience, but it does come with some specific considerations:

  1. Grooming: Pomeranians have a thick double coat that requires regular brushing to prevent matting. Occasional grooming appointments may also be necessary to keep their coat looking its best.
  2. Exercise: Despite their small size, Pomeranians are active dogs that need daily exercise. Short walks and playtime in a fenced yard can help burn off their energy.
  3. Diet: Feed your Pomeranian a high-quality dog food appropriate for their age and size. Be mindful of portion control to prevent obesity, a common issue in small breeds.
  4. Training: Pomeranians are intelligent and can excel in obedience training. Positive reinforcement methods work best, as they respond well to praise and rewards.

Training and Behavior

Pomeranians are intelligent and eager to please, which makes them generally trainable. However, they do have some unique behavioral traits to consider:

  1. Socialization: Early socialization is crucial for Pomeranians. Expose them to various people, animals, and environments from a young age to ensure they grow up to be well-adjusted and confident adults.
  2. Barking: Pomeranians are known for their vocal nature. They can be prone to excessive barking if not properly trained. Teaching the “quiet” command and rewarding them for calm behavior can help manage this tendency.
  3. House Training: Be patient when house training your Pomeranian. Their small size means they have tiny bladders, so they may need more frequent trips outside during the initial training period.
  4. Positive Reinforcement: Pomeranians respond well to positive reinforcement. Use treats and praise to reward good behavior during training sessions.
  5. Consistency: Pomeranians thrive on routine. Keep feeding, walking, and training schedules consistent to help them feel secure.

Pomeranians and Families

Pomeranian with people

Pomeranians can make fantastic family pets, especially for families with older children. Here’s how they typically interact with families:

  1. Playful Companions: Pomeranians love to play and interact with family members. They’ll gladly participate in family activities and bring a joyful energy to your home.
  2. Children: While Pomeranians are generally good with children, they are small dogs and can be delicate. Teach children how to handle them gently and supervise interactions to prevent accidental injuries.
  3. Other Pets: With proper socialization, Pomeranians can get along well with other pets, including cats and dogs. They may have a natural tendency to assert themselves, so early introductions and supervision are essential.
  4. Attention: Pomeranians thrive on attention and enjoy being part of family life. They’re happiest when they’re included in your daily activities.

Adopting a Pomeranian

If you’ve fallen in love with the charming Pomeranian and are considering adopting one, here are some steps to guide you:

  1. Research: Learn more about the breed to ensure it’s the right fit for your lifestyle. Consider factors like grooming needs, exercise requirements, and their vivacious personality.
  2. Adoption Centers: Look for reputable animal shelters, rescue organizations, or breed-specific rescues that have Pomeranians available for adoption. You can also check with local breeders, but be sure to research their reputation and ethical practices.
  3. Visit and Assess: Spend time with the Pomeranian you’re considering adopting to ensure a good match. Assess their temperament, health, and how well they interact with you and your family.
  4. Prepare Your Home: Puppy-proof your home by removing potential hazards and gathering necessary supplies, including food, bowls, a comfortable bed, and toys.
  5. Commitment: Remember that adopting a Pomeranian is a long-term commitment. Be prepared to provide love, care, and attention for the duration of their life, which can be up to 16 years or more.

Frequently Asked Questions

What are Pomeranians like as pets?

Pomeranians are lively, bold, and inquisitive. Despite their small size, they have a loud bark and can be quite protective of their owners.

Do Pomeranians require a lot of grooming?

Their fluffy double coat requires regular brushing to prevent mats and tangles, and they benefit from professional grooming several times a year.

How are Pomeranians with children and other pets?

They are best suited to families with older children who know how to handle small dogs. Socialization can help them get along better with other pets.

What health issues can affect Pomeranians?

They are prone to dental issues, patellar luxation, and tracheal collapse. Regular veterinary care is important for early detection and management.

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