Dachshund looking forward

Quick Facts


16 to 32 pounds (standard)

11 pounds and under (miniature)


8-9 inches (standard)

5-6 inches (miniature)

Average Lifespan:

12-16 years

Known For:

Their long body with short legs are not made for long runs, but he can be good watchdog and playmate.


Ah, the Dachshund! Often fondly referred to as the “wiener dog” or “sausage dog,” this adorable breed has long captured the hearts of dog enthusiasts worldwide. Originating from Germany, this small, elongated dog has a rich history of being both a hunter and a beloved companion.Β 


Its popularity knows no bounds, with numerous pet lovers globally admiring its charming appearance and spirited personality. Whether you’ve encountered a Dachshund strutting down the street or enjoyed viral videos of their playful antics, there’s no doubt: the Dachshund is an irresistible force in the canine world.

History and Origin

The history of the Dachshund is a tale as long and intriguing as the breed itself. Originally bred in Germany in the 15th century, the name “Dachshund” translates to “badger dog.” And for a good reason: these dogs were primarily used for hunting badgers, given their ability to enter burrows and challenge their prey with tenacity.


As hunters, Dachshunds were bred in three sizes to accommodate different prey, from rabbits to wild boar. Their long, sturdy bodies and powerful legs made them adept at digging and navigating tight spaces. By the 19th century, the breed’s popularity had grown beyond hunting, finding its place in households as cherished companions.


Fame further spread for the Dachshund when the breed was introduced to the United States. Here, they quickly became one of the most sought-after breeds. Notable Dachshunds in history include “Waldi,” the mascot for the 1972 Munich Olympics, showcasing the breed’s iconic silhouette to the world.

Breed Characteristics


Barking Tendency

Dog Friendly

Health Issues

Shedding Level









Cat Friendly

Exercise Needs


Social Needs








App. Friendly

Child Friendly


Energy Level

Stranger Friendly

Watchdog Instincts







Appearance and Size

When envisioning a Dachshund, one can’t help but imagine their signature long body and short legs. However, there’s more to this breed than meets the eye. Dachshunds are classified into three sizes based on their purpose: standard, miniature, and rabbit. The standard Dachshund weighs between 16 to 32 pounds, while the miniature variant weighs less than 11 pounds. The rabbit size, while less common, is even smaller and was bred for hunting rabbits.


In terms of coat, Dachshunds come in three distinct varieties: smooth, long-haired, and wire-haired. The smooth coat is shiny, sleek, and often likened to that of a seal. The long-haired variety boasts a silky, flowing coat, giving the Dachshund an elegant appearance. In contrast, the wire-haired Dachshunds have a coarse, thick coat with a robust beard and eyebrows, offering them a distinctive, almost “philosopher-like” appearance.


Color-wise, Dachshunds have a broad palette. They can be found in solid colors like red or cream, but they also come in various patterns and combinations, including dapple, brindle, sable, and piebald. Their expressive eyes and large ears give them a curious and often mischievous expression, making them an endless source of amusement and adoration for their owners.

Personality and Temperament

Dachshunds, despite their small stature, are known for their big personalities. They’re often described as clever, lively, and courageous to the point of being rash. Their original purpose as badger hunters means they possess a deep-rooted instinct to dig and chase. This can make garden areas a fun playground for them!


Their spirited nature is accompanied by a strong sense of independence. Sometimes, this independence can be mistaken for stubbornness. However, with the right motivation (think: treats and toys!), they are eager to please their owners. They have a particular fondness for play and can entertain themselves and their families with their antics.


Dachshunds are also known for their strong attachment to their families. They are incredibly loyal, often attaching themselves to one particular member of the household. With their alert nature, they make excellent watchdogs, always ready to alert their family of strangers with their surprisingly loud bark.

Health and Lifespan

The charming Dachshund, with its unique physique, also has certain health considerations to be aware of. The most well-known concern relates to their long spine. Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a condition where discs in the spine can herniate or rupture, leading to pain, nerve damage, and in severe cases, paralysis.Β 


Regular vet check-ups, preventing obesity, and avoiding activities that strain the back, like jumping off high surfaces, can help manage this risk.


In terms of lifespan, a well-cared-for Dachshund can live between 12 to 16 years. Other health concerns to be mindful of include progressive retinal atrophy, which affects the eyes, and conditions like diabetes. Regular exercise and a balanced diet can play a significant role in ensuring your Dachshund leads a healthy and active life.


On the brighter side, many Dachshunds go through life with minimal health issues. With proper care, they remain vibrant, playful, and are always ready to embark on new adventures with their families.

Care and Maintenance

Dachshund grooming

Caring for a Dachshund is a rewarding journey filled with lots of fun and love. Due to their dynamic energy levels, they require regular exercise. A daily walk or playful session in the garden can suffice. Remember, due to their propensity to dig, it might be wise to have a designated ‘digging area’ if you’re keen on preserving your garden!


Grooming needs vary based on the coat type. Smooth-coated Dachshunds are relatively low-maintenance, requiring occasional brushing to keep their coat sleek. Long-haired ones need regular brushing to prevent matting, while wire-haired Dachshunds benefit from periodic hand-stripping to maintain their coat’s texture.


Diet-wise, it’s crucial to monitor their weight. Their elongated body can suffer from excess weight, putting added strain on the spine. Ensure they receive a balanced diet and avoid overfeeding them with treats, no matter how much they plead with those adorable eyes!

Training and Behavior

Dachshunds, with their strong-willed nature, require consistent and positive reinforcement-based training methods. Starting training early is essential, especially with socialization. They can be a bit suspicious of strangers, so exposing them to various people, places, and experiences while they’re puppies can aid in shaping a well-rounded adult dog.


Their intelligence level is relatively high, which means they can pick up commands quickly. However, this also means they might get bored with repetition. Keeping training sessions short, fun, and varied is the key. Due to their hunting background, they may exhibit a strong prey drive, chasing after small animals. Recalling training, in particular, is crucial if you plan to let them off-leash.


Dachshunds, being the alert dogs they are, can sometimes develop a habit of excessive barking. Addressing this early and teaching a “quiet” command can be beneficial.

Dachshund and Families

Dachshund with people

These little elongated canines make wonderful family pets. They’re loyal, affectionate, and often form strong bonds with family members. Their size makes them suitable for both apartments and houses, as long as they get their daily dose of exercise.


However, families with very young children should supervise interactions. Due to the Dachshund’s long back, it’s crucial that kids handle them gently to prevent injuries. Teaching children how to approach and play with the dog is essential.


In terms of other pets, while Dachshunds can get along with other dogs, their strong prey drive might make them chase smaller pets like hamsters or birds. Proper introductions and training can help mitigate these behaviors.

Adopting a Dachshund

Ready to welcome a Dachshund into your life? Adopting is a wonderful way to offer a loving home to a dog in need. Many Dachshunds are looking for their forever homes in shelters and rescue groups.


Before adopting, consider your lifestyle and ensure it aligns with the needs of this energetic and affectionate breed. Research reputable rescue groups that specialize in Dachshunds to understand the breed’s specific requirements.


When visiting shelters or breed-specific rescues, spend time interacting with the Dachshund. Ask questions about their health, temperament, and history. Once you’re ready to adopt, prepare your home with essentials like a comfortable bed, toys, and a designated space for your new furry friend.


Remember, adoption is a lifetime commitment. While Dachshunds bring joy, laughter, and companionship, they also require care, love, and understanding.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why do Dachshunds have such long bodies?

Dachshunds were bred to hunt badgers and other tunneling animals, so their long bodies and short legs help them dig into burrows and fight their prey.

Are Dachshunds good with families?

Dachshunds can be great with families, but they may be better suited for families with older children. They can be stubborn and require gentle, consistent training. to several factors. These include their popularity, breeding costs, and the care required during their early life. Because of their small size, Chihuahuas can have difficult pregnancies that sometimes require veterinary intervention. Additionally, breeders invest a lot in ensuring the puppies are healthy and well-socialized before they go to their forever homes.

What health issues should Dachshund owners be aware of?

Their unique body shape makes them prone to spinal issues, such as intervertebral disc disease (IVDD). Obesity can increase this risk, so maintaining a healthy weight is crucial.

How much exercise does a Dachshund need?

Despite their small size, Dachshunds are energetic and require regular exercise to prevent boredom and obesity. Daily walks and play sessions are recommended.

Consecte libero id faucibus nisl tincidu. Magna etiam tempor orci lobor faculs lorem ipsum.