Pumi looking forward

Quick Facts


27 to 29 pounds (male)

22 to 24 pounds (female)


16 to 18.5 inches (male)

15 to 17.5 inches (female)

Average Lifespan:

12-13 years

Known For:

Born to be fearless sheepherders, but also very cute and cuddly dogs.


Ah, the Pumi! This adorable little bundle of joy hails from Hungary, where it has won the hearts of many with its lively spirit and distinctive appearance. Known for their playful and energetic nature, Pumis have grown in popularity among dog enthusiasts around the globe. 


Originally bred for herding, the Pumi is a versatile and intelligent breed, bringing cheer and companionship to households far and wide. With its charming curls and spirited disposition, this breed has all the ingredients to be a beloved pet!

History and Origin

The Pumi’s roots can be traced back to the 17th and 18th centuries in Hungary, where it was developed as a herding dog. It is believed to have descended from a mix of local Hungarian breeds and imported herding dogs, which contributed to its unique characteristics. 


The breed was primarily used for driving cattle and guarding the farm, thanks to its alertness and agility.


The Pumi’s infectious energy and distinctive appearance quickly made it a favorite among Hungarian farmers. Its nimble moves and sharp bark made it an excellent herder, capable of handling both stubborn cattle and playful sheep. 


The breed’s charm spread, and soon, Pumis were celebrated outside Hungary, gaining recognition from dog lovers around the world.


Some Pumis even made history! Notably, several Pumis have showcased their agility and intelligence in various dog sports competitions, earning accolades and admiration. The breed’s contribution to the herding community and the canine sports world highlights its versatility and spirited nature.

Breed Characteristics


Barking Tendency

Dog Friendly

Health Issues

Shedding Level









Cat Friendly

Exercise Needs


Social Needs








App. Friendly

Child Friendly


Energy Level

Stranger Friendly

Watchdog Instincts







Appearance and Size

One glance at a Pumi, and your heart is sure to melt! Characterized by its curly coat, alert expression, and lively demeanor, this breed is a true stunner. Pumis are small to medium-sized dogs, typically weighing between 22 to 29 pounds, with females generally being slightly smaller than males.


Their coat is a combination of wavy and curly hair, which gives them their distinctive fluffy appearance. This breed comes in a variety of colors, including black, white, fawn, and gray. Their ears are high set and semi-erect, giving them a playful and alert expression.


The Pumi’s build is well-proportioned and robust, showcasing its agility and strength. Its compact size and lively nature make it a versatile companion, capable of adapting to various living environments and activities.

Personality and Temperament

If you’re looking for a dog that is brimming with energy and joy, the Pumi is your perfect match! This breed is known for its playful and spirited nature, always ready for a game of fetch or a herding adventure. Pumis are intelligent and alert, making them excellent watchdogs and quick learners.


They form strong bonds with their families, showcasing a loyal and affectionate side. However, they can be reserved around strangers, displaying a cautious and protective demeanor. Early socialization is key to helping Pumis develop well-rounded personalities and adapt to different environments.


Pumis thrive on mental stimulation and physical activity. They love being involved in family activities and enjoy various dog sports, showcasing their agility and intelligence. Their energetic nature and keen sense of fun make them delightful companions, bringing laughter and joy to every household!

Health and Lifespan

Welcoming a Pumi into your life is sure to bring about endless moments of joy and laughter. However, it’s essential to be aware of the health considerations that come with this bubbly breed to ensure they live a happy, fulfilling life. Pumis typically have a lifespan of 12 to 14 years, and with proper care, they can be lively companions for many joyful years.


Pumis are generally hardy and healthy dogs, but like all breeds, they can be prone to certain health conditions. It’s good to be aware of some of the more common health issues, such as hip dysplasia, a condition where the hip joint doesn’t fit into the hip socket properly, and patellar luxation, where the kneecap is dislocated from its normal position. Regular veterinary check-ups can help detect and address these conditions early.


Another aspect to consider is their ears. Due to their semi-erect ear structure, Pumis can be susceptible to ear infections. Regular ear checks and cleaning can help prevent any issues and keep your Pumi feeling comfortable and happy.


Don’t let these health considerations dampen the joy of having a Pumi! With regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, and plenty of love, Pumis can lead healthy, vibrant lives, filling your days with their energetic and affectionate presence.

Care and Maintenance

Pumi grooming

Caring for a Pumi is a rewarding experience that brings you closer to your furry friend! Their lively nature means they thrive on regular exercise and mental stimulation. Daily walks, playtime, and interactive games are essential to keep a Pumi happy and healthy. Participation in dog sports such as agility, obedience, and herding trials can also be a fun and enriching experience for both you and your Pumi.


Grooming is another important aspect of Pumi care. Their curly coat requires regular brushing to prevent matting and tangling. A monthly bath, along with routine ear cleaning and nail trimming, will keep your Pumi looking and feeling their best.


Nutrition is the cornerstone of your Pumi’s health. A balanced, high-quality diet will support their energy levels, maintain a healthy weight, and contribute to their overall well-being. Be sure to provide fresh water at all times and monitor their food intake to prevent overeating.


Remember, caring for a Pumi is not just about meeting their physical needs. These intelligent and social dogs also crave companionship and love. Spending quality time with your Pumi, engaging in play and cuddles, will strengthen your bond and bring immense joy to both of you!

Training and Behavior

Training a Pumi is an engaging and rewarding journey! Known for their intelligence and eagerness to please, Pumis are generally quick learners. However, their spirited and independent nature means that they benefit from consistent, positive reinforcement training methods.


Socialization is crucial from a young age. Exposing your Pumi to different people, environments, and other animals will help them develop into well-adjusted adults. Pumis are naturally alert and can be reserved around strangers, so positive interactions are key to preventing any nervous or protective behavior.


Pumis excel in various dog sports and activities, thanks to their agility and intelligence. Engaging them in obedience training, agility courses, and herding trials can be a fun way to channel their energy and strengthen your bond.


Remember, patience and consistency are your best friends when training a Pumi. Providing them with a structured environment, clear guidelines, and lots of positive reinforcement will help nurture their development and allow their delightful personalities to shine!

Pumi and Families

Pumi with people

Integrating a Pumi into your family is like adding a sprinkle of joy to your everyday life! Pumis are known for their loyal and affectionate nature towards their family members. They form close bonds with their humans, making them wonderful companions. Their lively and playful demeanor makes them a source of constant entertainment and happiness.


While Pumis are generally good with children, it’s essential to teach kids how to approach and interact with dogs appropriately. Supervision during interactions, especially with younger children, is always recommended. Pumis are energetic and love to play, but they also appreciate respect and gentle handling.


Pumis can get along well with other pets, especially if they are socialized from a young age. Their herding instincts may kick in around smaller animals, so it’s important to monitor their play and encourage gentle behavior.


In a family setting, Pumis thrive on love and attention. They enjoy being involved in family activities and outings, making them wonderful companions for active families who love to explore and have fun together!

Adopting a Pumi

If you’re considering bringing a Pumi into your life, you’re in for a treat! Adopting a Pumi is a rewarding experience that brings joy, companionship, and a touch of Hungarian charm to your home. Before you embark on this exciting journey, there are a few things to consider.


Start by researching reputable breeders or rescue organizations. It’s important to find a responsible source that prioritizes the health and well-being of their dogs. Ask questions, request references, and visit the facility if possible.


Consider your living environment and lifestyle. Pumis are active and energetic dogs that thrive in homes where they can receive regular exercise and mental stimulation. Having a secure outdoor space is a bonus, but Pumis can adapt to apartment living as long as their activity needs are met.


Prepare for the arrival of your Pumi by setting up a comfortable and safe environment. Gather essential supplies such as a bed, toys, grooming tools, and nutritious food. Establish a routine and introduce your Pumi to their new home gradually.


Remember, adopting a dog is a long-term commitment. With love, care, and understanding, your Pumi will become a cherished member of your family, bringing joy and laughter for years to come!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the temperament of a Pumi?

The Pumi is an energetic, intelligent, and alert breed. They are versatile and adaptable, excelling in agility and herding, and make loyal family pets with proper socialization.

How much exercise does a Pumi need?

They are an active breed that requires plenty of exercise to stay happy and healthy. Daily vigorous activities and mental stimulation are necessary to satisfy their high energy levels.

Are Pumis good with children?

With early socialization, Pumis can be good with children, especially if raised with them. Their energetic nature makes them suitable playmates for older children.

What health issues are common in Pumis?

Pumis are generally healthy, but they can be prone to genetic health issues typical of herding breeds, such as hip dysplasia and patellar luxation.

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