Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

Russian Tsvetnaya looking forward

Quick Facts


6 to 9 pounds


11 inches at the shoulder

Average Lifespan:

14-20 years

Known For:

 “Russian Colored Lapdogs”, very loving, friendly and willing to please, and also great with children.


Welcome to the delightful world of the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka! This tiny bundle of joy, whose name literally means “colored lapdog” in Russian, is a breed known for its affectionate nature and charming personality. 


Originating from Russia, the Tsvetnaya Bolonka has captivated the hearts of many pet lovers around the world, especially those who live in apartments, due to their adaptable and companionable nature. This breed is a true gem, combining a playful spirit with a gentle temperament, making them the perfect furry companion!

History and Origin

The enchanting story of the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka takes us back to the Soviet era. During the 1950s and 1960s, the Soviet Union faced a shortage of small dog breeds. Imported small dogs were often gifted to aristocrats and influential personalities, leaving the general population longing for a tiny companion of their own. 


To fill this void, breeders began the journey of creating the Tsvetnaya Bolonka by combining several small breeds like the Bichon, Shih Tzu, and Toy Poodle. The goal was to develop a small, adaptable, and good-natured dog that could thrive in urban living conditions. The result? The adorable Tsvetnaya Bolonka we know and love today!


This breed holds a special place in Russian history and culture. During the days of the Cold War, when Western dog breeds were hard to come by, the Bolonka became a symbol of national pride and companionship. While they might not have the global fame of some other breeds, their loving nature and adaptability have earned them a dedicated following among dog enthusiasts.

Breed Characteristics


Barking Tendency

Dog Friendly

Health Issues

Shedding Level









Cat Friendly

Exercise Needs


Social Needs








App. Friendly

Child Friendly


Energy Level

Stranger Friendly

Watchdog Instincts







Appearance and Size

The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a true spectacle of cuteness! With their small stature, they typically weigh between 5 to 11 pounds and stand about 9 to 10 inches tall at the shoulder. Their compact size makes them the perfect lapdog and an ideal companion for those with limited living space.


One of the most distinctive features of the Bolonka is their long, wavy to curly coat, which feels soft to the touch. This breed comes in a variety of enchanting colors, including black, brown, red, grey, and cream, often with beautiful shading and highlights. Their expressive eyes and charming face are sure to melt your heart!


The Bolonka’s coat is hypoallergenic, making them a great choice for individuals with allergies. Despite their fluffy appearance, they don’t shed excessively, but regular grooming is essential to keep their coat in tip-top condition.


Their overall appearance exudes charm and elegance, making them not only a loving companion but also a stylish accessory for those who love to flaunt their pets!

Personality and Temperament

Stepping into the world of the Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is like opening a treasure box of joy and affection. This breed is renowned for its cheerful disposition and loving nature. They are exceptionally devoted to their owners, thriving on companionship and forming strong bonds with their human families. With their playful and sometimes clownish antics, Bolonkas are sure to keep you entertained and bring laughter to your home!


Despite their small size, Bolonkas have a big heart and a spirited personality. They are sociable and get along well with children and other animals, making them a versatile addition to households of various compositions. They are alert and vigilant, often acting as little watchdogs, but without excessive barking. The Bolonka’s adaptable nature means they feel equally at home in a bustling city apartment or a serene countryside dwelling.

Health and Lifespan

Embarking on a journey with a Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka comes with the reassuring knowledge of their generally robust health. These little companions typically have a lifespan of around 12 to 16 years, promising years of love and cherished moments. However, like all breeds, Bolonkas are prone to certain health conditions.


Patellar luxation, a common condition in smaller breeds, can affect Bolonkas. Regular veterinary check-ups can help monitor and manage this condition effectively. Additionally, dental health is crucial for these little ones, as they are susceptible to dental issues due to their smaller mouths.

Eye conditions such as cataracts and progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) can also be of concern, so regular eye check-ups are advisable. 


Moreover, maintaining a balanced diet and regular exercise is key to preventing obesity and ensuring your Bolonka leads a healthy and happy life.

While these health considerations are important, with proper care and attention, your Bolonka is likely to be a vibrant and joyful member of your family for many years!

Care and Maintenance

Russian Tsvetnaya grooming

Caring for a Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a delightful and rewarding experience. Their hypoallergenic coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and tangling, but this also provides a wonderful bonding opportunity. Daily brushing and occasional professional grooming will keep your Bolonka looking their best!


Exercise is important for maintaining a Bolonka’s health, but their small size means they don’t require extensive physical activity. Regular playtime and daily walks are usually sufficient to keep them happy and healthy.


A balanced and nutritious diet is essential for supporting your Bolonka’s overall well-being. Consulting with your vet will help you determine the most suitable diet plan for your individual pet’s needs.


Equally important is providing your Bolonka with love, attention, and socialization. This breed thrives on companionship, so spending quality time together and introducing them to various environments and people will contribute to their well-rounded and contented nature.

Training and Behavior

When it comes to training your Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka, you are in for a treat! These little canines are known for their intelligence and eagerness to please, which makes training an engaging and rewarding experience for both pet and owner. Positive reinforcement, consistency, and patience are key elements to successfully training a Bolonka.


Bolonkas are quick learners and respond well to commands and tricks. Early socialization and basic obedience training are essential for nurturing well-behaved and confident adults. This breed is generally sociable, but exposing them to different people, environments, and other animals from a young age will help in developing their adaptability and sociability.


While Bolonkas are typically well-mannered and amiable, they can develop a stubborn streak if they sense they can get away with it! Setting clear boundaries and being consistent with rules is important to avoid any behavioral issues. Additionally, addressing any signs of separation anxiety early on is crucial, as Bolonkas form strong bonds with their owners and may struggle when left alone.

Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka and Families

Russian Tsvetnaya with people

The Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka is a heartwarming addition to families of all shapes and sizes! Their loving nature and adaptability make them an excellent companion for both singles and families with children. Bolonkas are gentle and patient, forming wonderful relationships with kids, and teaching children about responsibility and empathy.


Furthermore, their sociable nature extends to other pets. Bolonkas usually get along well with other dogs and even cats, making them a harmonious addition to multi-pet households. Their alertness and loyalty also mean they are attentive watchdogs, adding an extra layer of joy and security to your home.


This delightful breed’s versatile and affectionate nature, coupled with their manageable size and exercise needs, make them a fitting companion for families living in both apartments and houses with yards.

Adopting a Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka

Bringing a Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka into your home is a decision brimming with excitement and love! When considering adoption, it’s essential to research reputable breeders or rescue organizations. Ask questions about the puppy’s health, parents, and socialization to ensure you’re bringing home a healthy and well-adjusted companion.


Before adopting, consider whether your lifestyle and living situation are suitable for a Bolonka’s needs. These little friends thrive on companionship and will flourish in an environment where they receive ample love and attention.


Once you have decided to welcome a Bolonka into your life, prepare your home with the necessary supplies such as a comfortable bed, nutritious food, grooming tools, and toys. This preparation will help your new furry friend settle in smoothly and start a joyful life with you!

Remember, adopting a pet is a long-term commitment, so be sure you’re ready for the rewarding journey of love and companionship that a Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka will undoubtedly bring!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the temperament of a Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka?

They are known for their friendly, intelligent, and affectionate nature. These dogs are highly social and thrive on companionship, making them excellent family pets.

How much grooming does a Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonka require?

Their long, curly coat requires regular grooming to prevent tangles and mats. Daily brushing and occasional professional grooming are recommended to keep their coat in good condition.

Are Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonkas good with children?

Yes, they are typically good with children, showing both gentleness and playfulness. Their sociable nature makes them great companions for family activities.

What health issues are common in Russian Tsvetnaya Bolonkas?

They are generally a healthy breed, but like all breeds, they can have genetic predispositions to certain health issues. Regular veterinary check-ups are important for their well-being.

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