Russian Toy

Russian Toy looking forward

Quick Facts


up to 6 pounds


8 to 11 inches at the shoulder

Average Lifespan:

12-14 years

Known For:

Very small and lean dogs, cheerful, intelligent and cuddly.


Oh, the delightful charm of the Russian Toy! This petite and adorable breed, originating from Russia, has captured the hearts of pet lovers worldwide.Β 


Known for its diminutive size but grand personality, the Russian Toy serves as a lively companion, radiating joy in every little prance and dance. Initially bred as a watchdog and companion to the Russian nobility, it has gracefully stepped into the spotlight, winning affection and admiration far and wide.

History and Origin

The Russian Toy has a rich and captivating history that dates back to Russia in the early 20th century. Originating from the English Toy Terrier, the breed was a favored companion among Russian aristocracy, symbolizing luxury and opulence. However, the breed’s popularity waned during the Soviet era, almost leading to its extinction.


Determined enthusiasts worked tirelessly to revive this elegant breed, leading to the Russian Toy we know and love today. Over the years, the Russian Toy has made significant strides, gaining recognition from major canine organizations and charming dog lovers globally.


Famous Russian Toys are rare, but their presence in dog shows and the hearts of their owners speaks volumes about their cherished status in the canine community.

Breed Characteristics


Barking Tendency

Dog Friendly

Health Issues

Shedding Level









Cat Friendly

Exercise Needs


Social Needs








App. Friendly

Child Friendly


Energy Level

Stranger Friendly

Watchdog Instincts







Appearance and Size

The Russian Toy is a picture of elegance and grace, with its small size and finely boned structure. Weighing between 2 to 6 pounds and standing 7.5 to 11 inches tall, they are one of the smallest dog breeds. But, oh, do they have a grand presence!


This breed comes in two coat varieties: smooth and long-coated. The smooth coat is shiny and close-fitting, while the long-coat variety has a distinct fringe on the ears and body. Their expressive eyes and high-set ears give them a keen, alert expression, showcasing their lively personality.


Common colors for the Russian Toy include black and tan, blue and tan, brown and tan, and solid red. Their charming appearance and noble stance make them a delightful sight, turning heads wherever they go.

Personality and Temperament

Despite their small stature, Russian Toys have a personality that’s larger than life! Known for their lively, affectionate, and sociable nature, they form strong bonds with their owners and are always eager to be involved in family activities.


They are alert and vigilant, traits inherited from their watchdog ancestors, making them excellent little protectors of their homes. Russian Toys are also known for their intelligence and eagerness to please, which, combined with their playful nature, makes them a joy to be around.

It’s impossible not to fall in love with their endearing quirks and spirited disposition, which make them outstanding companions for individuals and families alike.

Health and Lifespan

When it comes to the health of your petite pal, the Russian Toy is generally a robust breed, but like all dogs, they do have their susceptibilities. These little companions have an impressive lifespan of 12 to 14 years, offering years of love and joy!


However, being a small breed, they are prone to certain health conditions such as patellar luxation and dental issues due to their small mouths. Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial to ensure that your Russian Toy remains in tip-top shape and catches any potential issues early.

Legg-CalvΓ©-Perthes disease is another condition that can affect this breed. It’s a disorder that affects the hip joint and can be managed with proper veterinary care.Β 


Reassuringly, with routine health checks, a balanced diet, and regular exercise, your Russian Toy can lead a happy and healthy life.

Care and Maintenance

Russian Toy grooming

Taking care of a Russian Toy is a delightful and rewarding experience. Their small size makes them ideal for apartment living, but don’t be fooled; these little dynamos are energetic and love playtime and walks!


Grooming needs vary between the long-coated and smooth-coated varieties. The long-coated Russian Toy requires regular brushing to keep its coat free from mats and tangles, while the smooth-coated variety benefits from occasional brushing to remove loose hair.


Dental care is paramount for this breed, so regular tooth brushing and dental check-ups are a must. Feeding them a balanced and nutritious diet will keep them in optimal health, and don’t forget, these active little pals enjoy toys and games that keep both their bodies and minds engaged!

Training and Behavior

The Russian Toy’s intelligent and eager-to-please nature makes training a joyful experience. They respond well to positive reinforcement techniques such as treats, praise, and play. Consistency and patience are key to teaching your Russian Toy new commands and tricks.


Despite their size, these little dogs can have a stubborn streak, so early socialization and training are essential to mold them into well-behaved companions. They are quick learners and enjoy activities that challenge their minds. Agility training, trick training, and puzzle toys are excellent ways to keep your Russian Toy entertained and mentally stimulated.


Behaviorally, they can be a bit territorial and may exhibit guarding behaviors, but with proper training and socialization, these traits can be managed effectively.

Remember, a well-trained and socialized Russian Toy is a happy and harmonious member of any household!

Russian Toy and Families

Russian Toy with people

Russian Toys are little bundles of joy that fit wonderfully into many types of households. They form strong bonds with their human companions and tend to be very loyal and affectionate. Their lively and playful nature makes them great companions for older children who understand how to handle smaller dogs gently.


While they may be cautious around younger kids and other pets initially, proper introductions and supervision can help foster positive relationships. They love being part of the family activities and are always up for a cuddle session. Their endearing qualities and loyal nature make Russian Toys cherished family members, bringing joy and companionship to any home.

Adopting a Russian Toy

Adopting a Russian Toy is like welcoming a burst of joy into your life! When considering adopting one, it’s essential to research reputable breeders or rescue organizations. Ensure the breed’s characteristics match your lifestyle, and be prepared for a lively and affectionate companion.


Ask about the dog’s health, temperament, and any behavioral quirks. Visiting the breeder or rescue and interacting with the dog will give you insights into whether it’s a good match. Consider the needs of this small but spirited breed – they thrive on interaction, engagement, and love!


Before bringing your new friend home, make sure your living space is safe and welcoming for a small dog. Once you welcome a Russian Toy into your life, you’re in for a delightful journey filled with love, laughter, and lots of playful antics!

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the temperament of a Russian Toy?

Russian Toys are lively, affectionate, and devoted. They are small in size but have a large personality, enjoying close bonds with their family members and being very playful.

How much grooming does a Russian Toy require?

They come in both long-coated and smooth-coated varieties. The long-coated variety requires regular brushing to prevent mats, while the smooth-coated variety needs minimal grooming.

Are Russian Toys good with children?

They can be good with older, respectful children but may not be suitable for very young children due to their small size and delicate build.

What health issues can affect Russian Toys?

They are generally healthy but, like many small breeds, can be prone to dental issues, patellar luxation, and heart problems.

Consecte libero id faucibus nisl tincidu. Magna etiam tempor orci lobor faculs lorem ipsum.